SA Facts 


  • The famous Australian cricketer, Sir Donald Bradman, lived in Adelaide with his wife and children.
  • South Australia is often referred to as the ‘Festival State’ and the people that live there are sometimes known as ‘crow eaters’.
  • South Australia’s Coober Pedy mine is the world’s largest producer of opals.
  • Ben Murray is an interesting South Australian. He was born in 1891 to an Aboriginal mother and an Afghan father. He served in World War I at Gallipoli where he was captured as a Turkish prisoner of war. Upon his release, he returned to South Australia where he worked at many different jobs. He lived to be over 100 years old.
  • The highest recorded temperature in Australia was in 1960 in Oodnadatta in South Australia, when the temperature reached 50.7°C. Now that is hot!
  • Lake Eyre, in the outback of South Australia, is the largest salt lake in the world. While it does flood it is normally dry. It has been the location for many attempts at breaking the world land-speed record.
  • South Australia shares borders with all of the mainland states as well as the Northern Territory.

SA State Flag 



The South Australian flag dates back to 1904. As with all Australian state flags the Union Jack appears in the top-left corner of the flag of South Australia. The badge to the right of the Union Jack is a Piping Shrike bird standing on the branch of a gumtree against the rising sun.

SA Coat of Arms 


The South Australian Coat of Arms was originally granted by King Edward VIII in 1936, however the current arms was updated in 1984. The shield depicts an image of a Piping Shrike bird on a gum branch against a rising sun. Above the shield are the state colours of South Australia: red, blue and gold. Above these are four Sturt’s Desert Pea flowers. The shield rests on green grass which yields wheat, barley and grape vines. On the ground, there are citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons as well as two cog wheels and a miner’s pick. The scroll at the base of the arms reads ‘South Australia’.

SA Emblems 


The floral emblem of South Australia has been Sturt’s Desert Pea since 1961. The plant, which is a member of the legume family, is named after Captain Charles Sturt who explored the Adelaide region in 1844.

The bird emblem for South Australia is the Piping Shrike or White Backed Magpie. The bird is said to represent resourcefulness and bravery. The animal emblem of South Australia has been the Hairy-Nosed or Plains Wombat since 1970. The marsupial’s scientific name means ‘hairy-nosed broad-fronted’.

South Australia’s marine emblem has been the Leafy Seadragon since 2001. The Leafy Seadragon uses its unusual looks to camouflage itself to look like seaweed and seagrass.

South Australia’s gemstone emblem has been opal since 1985. South Australia is home to three major opal fields: Coober Pedy, Mintabie and Andamooka.